This crossword clue is for the definition: Antitoxin.
it’s A 9 letters crossword puzzle definition.
Next time, when searching for online help with your puzzle, try using the search term “Antitoxin crossword” or “Antitoxin crossword clue”. The possible answerss for Antitoxin are listed below.
Did you find what you needed?
We hope you did!.
Possible Answers: SERUM.
Last seen on: LA Times Crossword 19 Jun 19, Wednesday
Random information on the term “Antitoxin”:
A toxin-antitoxin system is a set of two or more closely linked genes that together encode both a “toxin” protein and a corresponding “antitoxin”. When these systems are contained on plasmids – transferable genetic elements – they ensure that only the daughter cells that inherit the plasmid survive after cell division. If the plasmid is absent in a daughter cell, the unstable antitoxin is degraded and the stable toxic protein kills the new cell; this is known as ‘post-segregational killing’ (PSK). Toxin-antitoxin systems are widely distributed in prokaryotes, and organisms often have them in multiple copies.
Toxin-antitoxin systems are typically classified according to how the antitoxin neutralises the toxin. In a type I toxin-antitoxin system, the translation of messenger RNA (mRNA) that encodes the toxin is inhibited by the binding of a small non-coding RNA antitoxin that binds the toxin mRNA. The toxic protein in a type II system is inhibited post-translationally by the binding of an antitoxin protein. Type III toxin-antitoxin systems consist of a small RNA that binds directly to the toxin protein and inhibits its activity. There are also types IV-VI, which are less common. Toxin-antitoxin genes are often inherited through horizontal gene transfer and are associated with pathogenic bacteria, having been found on plasmids conferring antibiotic resistance and virulence.